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Due to the destruction of our Post Home building by Hurricane Katrina we are now sharing
a building owned by the Elks Lodge 12010 Klein Road off of Three Rivers Road in Gulfport.
The location is about 4 miles North of I-10 Exit 38, Cowan-Lorraine Road.
American Legion Post 119 Is Requesting
Donations To Rebuild Our Post Home.
See below for Contact Information.

All communications with the Post, regarding donations to rebuild
our Post Home destroyed by Hurricane Katrina, should be made to
Post Commander Jim Tolar, 11220 Hughes Road Lot 90  Gulfport, MS.

Jim Tolar's Home Phone 1-228-206-1936  Cell Phone 228-332-0350 or by


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Tsunami And Other Global Hazards - News Reports

What are Tsunamis?
     Tsunamis do not have a season and do not occur regularly or frequently. The largest Tsunamis, however, can cause
destruction and casualties over a wide area, sometimes as wide as the entire Pacific Basin. Pacific-wide Tsunamis may
happen only a few times each Century. Yet they pose a major threat to the coastal populations of the Pacific and other
World Oceans and Seas. Nothing can be done to prevent them, but the adverse impact on the loss of life and property
can be reduced with proper warning and advance planning.
     A Tsunami is a series of ocean waves generated by any rapid large-scale disturbance of the sea water. Most Tsunamis
are generated by earthquakes, but they may also be caused by volcanic eruptions, landslides, undersea slumps, meteor
impacts, asteroids, or the breaking off of a large section of Ice Shelves at the Polar regions.
     Tsunamis are also referred to as "tidal waves," but they have no relation to tides. Ships at sea cannot detect a passing
Tsunami, nor can the waves be seen from aircraft. While passing through deep oceans, a Tsunami consists of a series of
waves that are only a few feet high and a hundred miles or more apart. The waves radiate outward in all directions from the
disturbance and can propagate across entire ocean basins.
     Tsunami waves are distinguished from ordinary ocean waves by their great length between peaks, often exceeding 100
miles in the deep ocean, and by the long amount of time between these peaks, ranging from five minutes to an hour.
     The speed at which Tsunamis travel depends on the ocean depth. A Tsunami can exceed 500 mph in the deep ocean but
slows to 20 or 30 mph in the shallow water near land.
     In less than 24 hours, a Tsunami can cross the entire Pacific Ocean. In the deep ocean, a Tsunami is barely noticeable
and will only cause a small and slow rising and falling of the sea surface as it passes. Only as it approaches land does a
Tsunami become a hazard. As the Tsunami approaches land and shallow water, the waves slow down and become compressed,
causing them to grow in height. In the "best of cases" the Tsunami comes onshore like a quickly rising tide and causes a
gentle flooding of low-lying coastal areas. In the "worst of cases" a "bore" will form. A bore is a wall of turbulent water that
can be several meters high and can rush onshore with great destructive power. Behind the bore is a deep and fast-moving
flood that can pick up and sweep away almost anything in its path. Minutes later, the water will drain away as the trough of
the Tsunami wave arrives, sometimes exposing great patches of the sea floor. But then the water will rush in again as before,
causing additional damage. This destructive cycle may repeat many times before the hazard finally passes. Therefore, never
assume the danger is over after the first, second, third, forth, etc., wave has passed.
     Persons caught in the path of a Tsunami have little chance to survive. They can be easily crushed by debris or they may
simply drown. Children and the elderly are particularly at risk, as they have less mobility, strength, and endurance.
     Tsunamis typically cause the most severe damage and casualties very near their source. There the waves are highest
because they have not yet lost much energy to friction or spreading. In addition, the nearby coastal population, often
disoriented from the violent earthquake shaking, has little time to react before the Tsunami arrives.
     The effects of each new Tsunami, and the effects on different coasts of the same Tsunami, vary greatly. The size and
destructiveness of the waves at any particular site are largely determined by the local topography, both onshore and
offshore, and the direction from which the wave approaches. For these reasons, people should not become complacent
just because one Tsunami warning ends with only a few inches rise in water level. The next time...a warning could precede
a 55-foot wave.
     Locally generated Tsunamis are potentially the most hazardous type, because the time between their origin and the
arrival of the wave at the shoreline may be too brief to warn and evacuate people. Any earthquake strong enough to cause
difficulty in standing or walking should be regarded as a Tsunami warning by people in coastal areas, who should
immediately head for higher ground. One of the indicators of a possible Tsunami is a drop in the level of water near a
coastline, which is not related to the normal change in the daily tide levels.

Tsunamis Warning System
     In 1948, a Tsunami warning system for the Pacific basin was developed by the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. The Pacific
Tsunami Warning System, which has its headquarters in Honolulu Hawaii, is administered by the National Weather Service
under the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The Tsunami Warning Center provides warnings for
Tsunamis to most Countries in the Pacific Basin.
    Presently, the Pacific Tsunami Warning System, which has its headquarters in Honolulu, is administered by the National
Weather Service under the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The Tsunami Warning Center
receives a constant flow of information from seismometers (instruments that detect earthquakes) and tide-gauge stations all
around the Pacific Ocean. When an earthquake with the potential to generate a Tsunami occurs, the Warning Center issues a
"Tsunami Watch" within 30-40 minutes, alerting Civil Defense and other authorities of a possible Tsunami. The first positive
evidence of a Tsunami comes from tide stations near the origin of the Tsunami. Once the presence of a wave is confirmed,
the Hawaii Center issues a "Tsunami Warning" giving an estimated time of arrival for the first wave.
     Local authorities and emergency managers are responsible for formulating and executing evacuation plans for areas under
a Tsunami Warning. The public should stay-tuned to the local media for evacuation orders should a Tsunami Warning be
issued. And, the public should not return to low-lying areas until the Tsunami threat has passed and the "All Clear Message"
is announced and/or broadcast by the local authorities.
     When a Country or Region may be threatened by Tsunamis, the hazard to life can be minimized by evacuating people to
higher ground. The repeated evacuation of Residential areas near Coastlines comes at a high cost, however, both for the
government, taxpayers and for the people whose property may be threatened by Tsunamis. For the long term, Tsunami
hazards can be avoided by "Land Use Zoning" which restricts building construction in the areas of greatest Tsunami threat.

Tsunami Related Links

Yellow Background = Link added recently, or a change in Internet address
 NOAA International Tsunami Information Center...Current Bulletins
 NOAA National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - Tsunamis
 NOAA Pacific Tsunami Warning Center
 NOAA National Geophysical Data Center
 NOAA PMEL Tsunami Reseach Program
 NOAA PMEL Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory
 NOAA PMEL Tsunami Events and Data
 International Tsunami Information Centre...About Tsunamis
 NOAA West Coast & Alaska Tsunami Warning Center
 NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory...Tsunami Detection Buoy System
 NOAA Pacific Tsunami Warning Center...Frequently Asked Questions
 NOAA ITIC International Tsunami Information Center
 NOAA NGDC National Geophysical Data Center NGDC...Tsunami Database
 FEMA Tsunamis
 FEMA Tsunami Terms
 FEMA Tsunami Information For Kids
 United States Agency for International Development...Tsunami
 American Red Cross Disaster Center...Tsunami,1082,0_592_,00.html
 West Coast & Alaska Tsunami Warning Center
 USGS U.S. Geological Survey Western Region
 National Ice Center (NIC) Washington DC
 UNESCO International Coordination Group...Pacific Tsunami Warning Syatem
 Tsunami Warning Center Sakhalin Island Russia
 Novosibirsk Tsunami Laboratory (NTL) Database
 The United Kingdom Tsunami Risks Project
 Tsunami Detection in the Open Ocean (University of Colorado)
 Tsunami! (University of Washington)
 Ultimate Guide To Tsunamis

Earthquake Related Links

Yellow Background = Link added recently, or a change in Internet address
 NGDC National Geophysical Data Center...Earthquake Data
 USGS U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program
 USGS NEIC National Earthquake Information Center
 USGS Earthquake Hazards Program
 USGS Worldwide Recent Earthquake Activity

Volcano Related Links

Yellow Background = Link added recently, or a change in Internet address
NOAA NGDC National Geophysical Data Center Volcano Data
USGS CVO's List of On-Line Volcano Maps
Hawaii Volcano Observatory
Smithsonian Institution GVP Global Volcanism Program
Volcano Links from Volcano World

Disaster Relief and Other Related Links

Yellow Background = Link added recently, or a change in Internet address
 United States Better Business Bureau BBB...Guidance For Donors
 Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development English.
 Action Against Hunger
 Actionaid International
 Action by Churches Together ACT
 Adventist Development and Relief Agency ADRA
 African Medical and Research Foundation AMREF
 Air Serv International
 AmeriCares Foundation
 American Council for Voiluntary International Action InterAction
 American Friends Service Committee
 American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee JDC
 American Jewish World Service AJWS
 American Radio Relay League ARRL
 American Red Cross
 American Red Cross Disaster Center...Disaster Updates
 American Refugee Committee ARC
 American Rescue Team International ARTI
 Amnesty International
 Ananda Marga Universal Relief Team AMURT
 AusAID Commonwealth of Austalia
 Baptist World Aid
 B'nai B'rith International BBI
 Brother's Brother Foundation BBF
 CAFOD Catholic Agency for Overseas Development
 CARE Australia
 CARE International
 Caritas Internationalis
 Carter Center, The
 Catholic Charities USA
 Catholic Relief Services CRS
 Center for International Disaster Information
 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC
 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...Travelers Health
 Christian Aid United Kingdom
 Christian Children's Fund
 Christian Disaster Response
 Christian Reformed World Relief Committee CWRC
 Chronicle of Philanthropy, The
 Church World Service CWS
 Concern Worldwide USA
 Digital Globe...Press Room for News & Imagery
 Digital Globe...Unique Image Gallerys
 Direct Relief International
 Doctors Without Borders
 Episcopal Relief and Development
 Feed The Children
 FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency
 FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency - Tsunami Information
 Food For The Hungry
 Global Links
 Habitat for Humanity International
 Hawaii State Civil Defense
 Heart to Heart International
 Health Opportunities for People Everywhere HOPE
 Helen Keller International
 Infectious Diseases Society of America IDSA
 International Aid
 International Aid Services IAS
 International Amateur Radio Union IRAU
 International Coordination Group IGC...Pacific Warning System
 International Medical Corps IMC
 International Medical Corps IMC - Indonesia
 International Charter...Space & Major Disasters
 International Committee of the Red Cross English.
 International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent IFRC
 International Institute of Seismology and Earthquake Enginnering IISEE
 International Medical Corps IMC
 International Network of Medecins du Monde...English selectable.
 International Orthodox Christian Charities IOCC
 International Relief & Development IRD
 International Relief Teams IRT
 International Rescue Committee IRC
 Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)
 International Orthodox Christian Charities IOCC
 International Tsunami Information Center ITIC
 Islamic Relief Worldwide
 Islamic Relief USA
 Israel Red Cross ARMDI
 Latter-Day Saints Charities LDS
 Lutheran World Relief LWR
 Medair International Humanitarian Organization...English selectable.
 Médecins Sans Frontières English.
 Médecins du French
 Medical Assistance Programs MAP International
 Mennonite Disaster Service MDS
 Mercy Corps
 Mercy-USA for Aid and Development M-USA
 Mission English.
 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC
 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...Travelers Health
 NASA's...Earth Observatory and Unique Imagery
 National Center for Biotechnology Information NCBI
 National Emergency Response Team NERT
 National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program NTHMP
 National Organization for Victim Assistance NOVA
 Northwest Medical Teams International
 Norwegian People's Aid NPA...English selectable.
 Norwegian Refugee Council NRC...English selectable.
 One World Network
 Operation USA OpUSA
 Overseas Development Institute ODI
 Oxfam America OXFAM
 Pacific Disaster Center PDC
 Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory PMEL...Tsumani Events & Data
 Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory PMEL...Tsumani Mitigation
 Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory PMEL...Tsumani Research
 Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory PMEL...Warning Guidance
 Pan American Health Organization PAHO
 Plan USA
 Presbyterian Church USA Disaster Assistance PCUSA
 Project Concern International PCI
 Project HOPE
 Radio Emergency Association Communications Teams REACT
 Relief International RI
 Reuters Foundation Alert Net
 Russian Academy of Sciences Tsunami Laboratory...In English.
 Search And Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking (SARSAT)
 Seva Foundation
 Samaritan's Purse
 Save the Children USA
 Scientology Volunteer Ministers
 Secours Populaire Français English.
 Seventh-day Adventist Church
 SOS-Kinderdorf English.
 SpaceRef Interactive Incorporated...Unique Images Indonesia
 Star of Hope International...English selectable.
 Stop Hunger Now
 Tear Fund Christian Action
 Telecoms Sans Frontieres TSF...English selectable.
 The Salvation Army International
 The Salvation Army National Headquarters
 Trócaire...Agency of the Catholic Church In Ireland
 Tsunami Warning Tracker Blogger
 UNOSAT...Satellite Images & Maps
 United Jewish Communities North America
 United Methodist Committee on Relief UMCOR
 United Nations Development Programme UNDP
 United Nations Food & Agriculture Organization FAO
 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNHCR
 United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund UNICEF
 United Nations News Service UN News
 United Nations News Service UN Daily News
 United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs OCHA
 United Nations World Food Programme WFP
 United Nations World Health Organization English.
 United Nations World Meteorological Organization English.
 United States Agency for International Development
 United States Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research CBER
 United States Fund For UNICEF
 United States Small Business Administration SBA
 United Way of America UWA
 Volunteers In Technical Assistance VITA
 West Coast & Alaska Tsunami Warning Center WCATWC
 West Coast & Alaska Tsunami Warning Center Mirror Site
 World Concern
 World Disaster Alliance
 World Emergency Relief WER
 World Hope International
 World Relief
 World Vision
 World Vision International
 ZOA Refugee Care Netherlands...English selectable.

Global Hazards - Tropical Storms
Global Hazards - Earthquakes
Global Hazards - Volcanoes
Global Hazards - Tsunamis
Global Hazards - Solar Storms
Global Hazards - News Reports


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